Paper Vocab

Brightness:  measured by the light that white paper reflects

Calendering:  paper is run between steel rollers to smooth the paper; helps reduce the amount of moisture in the paper

Caliper:  thickness of a sheet of paper; affected by the weight or finish

Finish: the appearance, feel, and texture of a paper

Genuine watermark:  a faint design embedded into the paper during manufacturing while the loose fibers are still wet. 

Grain:  the direction in which most of the fibers lie

Holdout:  ability to keep ink on the paper’s surface, rather than seeping into the body of the sheet

Opacity: decided by its absorbency, ingredients, and weight; ability to determine how much printing will “show through” on the reverse side of a sheet.

Weight:  the thickness of a paper stock; measured in pounds (#)


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